Paying for College START HERE
Paying for college can be overwhelming! This section will help you calculate the cost of college and guide you through the many options in paying for college.START THIS PROCESS EARLY!
The costs of attending college can vary widely, depending on whether the school is a community college, a state university, or a private college or university. Are you in-state or out of state? Will you graduate in 4 years? And it’s more than just tuition, room & board. In general, the total cost of attending college includes:
- Tuition & fees
- Books & supplies
- Room & board (consider area's cost of living)
- Health insurance
- Personal expenses
- Number of years attending (read about Graduation Rates)
Personal expenses include the cost of joining a sorority or fraternity. A 2018 article from Investopedia, "How much does it really cost to go Greek," has a good discussion.
NET PRICE CALCULATOR
Here is the calculation used by all U.S. colleges & universities:
COA - EFC = DN
Cost of Attendance minus Expected Family Contribution equals Demonstrated Need
- Cost of Attendance (COA)
All colleges are required to calculate their estimated cost of attendance & have the information readily available. You can generally find it on a school’s Financial Aid page, or on sites such as Naviance, Big Future, or College Data.
- Expected Family Contribution (EFC)
Expected Family Contribution is an amount officially determined by filling out the FAFSA (Free Application for Federal Student Aid) and possibly the CSS/Financial Aid PROFILE (depending on the school’s requirements). However, there are calculators that will closely estimate your EFC, such as this one. See Fairview's FAFSA and CSS PROFILE page for more information.
- Demonstrated Need (DN)
Often times, Demonstrated Need will be met in a Financial Aid package from the college, which may include:
- Scholarships and Grants
need or merit-based awards from federal, state, school or other sources that do not need to be paid back
paying jobs provided by school
federally backed student loans
- Scholarships and Grants
- Cost of Attendance (COA)
RESOURCES AND LINKS
|FAFSA and CSS||The FAFSA form (Free Application for Federal Student Aid) is used to determine your eligibility to receive need-based funds from the US Department of Education's Federal Student Aid Program. The CSS Profile is a financial aid profile produced by the College Board (the SAT people) and only required by certain private universities.|
|College Opportunity Fund (COF)||COF is a fund created by the Colorado Legislature to provide a way of distributing Colorado tax dollars to the colleges in Colorado. Each resident undergraduate student who attends a participating Colorado college or university pays a reduced tuition price.|
|Scholarships and Grants||Many different types of scholarships exist (college based scholarships, private scholarships, merit based scholarships, etc.). Federal, State, and College-based grants are determined by each college’s financial aid office.|
|Savings Options||Information on 529 College Savings Plans, Education Bond Program, UTMA, Coverdell Education Savings Account, and Roth Individual Retirement Account can be found here.||Students Loans||Information on Direct Subsidized and Unsubsidized Loans, Federal Parent PLUS Loans, and Private Loans can be found here.||Work Study and Other Employment Opportunities||Federal Work-Study provides part-time employment on campus to students receiving federally funded financial aid. This is a great way to help pay for your education if you qualify.|
|Tax Savings||Learn how tax savings, tax credits, and student loan interest deductions can reduce college costs.|
|Claiming IB and AP credits||Using scores from AP and IB tests to fulfill core class requirements instead of taking the class and thus reducing the number of courses that need to be taken to earn a degree.|
|In-State Honors Programs||Public universities, in-state and out-of-state, offer rigorous curriculum and research in their honors programs that provide students with the level of academic experience comparable to attending a highly selective private college.|
|Co-op Programs||Some colleges offer paid employment in a student’s area of study while completing their undergraduate degree.|
|ROTC||In the Reserve Officer Training Corps students can earn all or part of their undergraduate tuition by taking military courses during college and serving in the military after graduation.||Tuition Free Colleges||Yes, they really do exist!||Starting at a Community College||Taking core classes for two years at a lower cost at a two-year college and then transferring credits to a four-year college/university to complete your major.||Western University Exchange (WUE)||Learn about reduced tuition with some colleges in 14 western states.||Gain Residence Status||Establish residency in the location of your college/university for a certain number of years (along with other factors), to potentially qualifying for in-state tuition.|
OTHER USEFUL INFORMATION
- Schools Awarding Merit & Need Based Aid
- CU Rob Sullivan's Financial Aid Power Point
(applicable to most colleges
- Educate to Career (use the free resources)
- Financial Aid Honor Roll, Princeton Review, 2019.
- America's Best Value Colleges, Forbes, April 2018
- Kiplinger’s Best College Values, 2018, Kiplinger, 2018.
- The College Solution Blog - Financial Aid